Wente and Concannon
Wente Vineyards is recognized as the pioneer of California Chardonnay. With fruit from the 1936 vintage, Wente released the nation’s first bottling
with the varietal name Chardonnay printed on the label. Currently, Chardonnay is the number one white wine grape in California with over 100,000 acres planted. The majority of that acreage
can trace it's genetic roots directly back to Livermore as either the Wente Clone 4 or another of the Wente Chardonnay Clones.
Concannon Vineyard is recognized as the pioneer of California Cabernet Sauvignon and Petite Sirah. In 1961, Concannon introduced America’s first
varietally labeled Petite Sirah. Concannon Cabernet Clones 7, 8 and 11 helped California Cabernet achieve international recognition and are still the most widely planted Cabernet clones
Continued Growth in the Region
The last few decades have seen a number of changes to Livermore's grape production. Probably
most notable have been advances in irrigation technology and better mapping of the topography. Combined, these advances have allowed
local growers to move beyond the valley floor and into the hillsides that ring the area. This in turn has given local winemakers more ability
than ever to work with the subtleties in flavor characteristics between the regions vineyards.